Click on an individual state or territory to learn more on its specific laws.
44 states, D.C. Puerto Rico, Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands ban text messaging for all drivers.
12 states, D.C., Puerto Rico, Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands prohibit all drivers from using handheld cell phones while driving.
Note: A primary law means that an officer can ticket the driver for the offense without any other traffic violation taking place. A secondary law means an officer can only issue a ticket if a driver has been pulled over for another violation (like speeding).